- Subject index
This accessible and original text combines a systematic examination of the theories of welfare with an historical account of the evolution of the welfare state and its impact in promoting social justice. It identifies the principles governing social distribution and examines the rationales for these different distributive principles. This book also links the theories of distribution to the actual development of social policy and considers their outcomes. State Welfare will be essential reading for students of social policy. It provides a clear understanding of both theories of welfare and the history of the development of the British welfare state.
Chapter 4: Collectivism Contained
In a buoyant post-war economy, when the absorption of ‘residual’ labour into the war effort had silenced the advocates of the ‘residuum’ thesis, the principles underlying the Liberal reforms continued to be applied. A confident, assertive working class managed to secure gains in wages, lower working hours and welfare provision (Waites, 1987: 87). However, after 1921, when financial orthodoxy asserted that cuts in public expenditure were the necessary condition of recovery from the recession, these ‘progressive’ principles were contained. Over the period state welfare spending expanded but much of the increase was concerned with alleviating the consequences of the recession, maintaining the nation's ‘human stock’ and containing the working class in urban areas.
The prosperity of the period 1912 to 1914 and ...