• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

This accessible and original text combines a systematic examination of the theories of welfare with an historical account of the evolution of the welfare state and its impact in promoting social justice. It identifies the principles governing social distribution and examines the rationales for these different distributive principles. This book also links the theories of distribution to the actual development of social policy and considers their outcomes. State Welfare will be essential reading for students of social policy. It provides a clear understanding of both theories of welfare and the history of the development of the British welfare state.

The Rise of Collectivism
The rise of collectivism
Socialism

Following the decline of Chartism there was no organised movement in Britain, other than perhaps the Christian Socialists, identifiable as ‘socialist’ (Francis and Morrow, 1994: 293). Nonetheless, local republican and radical societies continued to function and supplied a basis for the socialist movements that emerged in the 1880s when a new account of ‘socialism’ and how it might be achieved became available in Britain (Harris, 1993: 227; Wheen, 1999: 124).

Karl Marx (1818–1883)

According to Marx the value of any manufactured object is related to the labour power consumed in its production. Labour is the worker's only saleable commodity hence all the owners of the means of production have to offer to secure a worker's labour is an amount sufficient ...

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