- Subject index
This accessible and original text combines a systematic examination of the theories of welfare with an historical account of the evolution of the welfare state and its impact in promoting social justice. It identifies the principles governing social distribution and examines the rationales for these different distributive principles. This book also links the theories of distribution to the actual development of social policy and considers their outcomes. State Welfare will be essential reading for students of social policy. It provides a clear understanding of both theories of welfare and the history of the development of the British welfare state.
Chapter 1: State Welfare: Distributive Principles
State Welfare: Distributive Principles
What is State Welfare?
‘Welfare’ has numerous meanings but it has been co-opted to refer to specific elements of public policy. In the United States, the term is construed narrowly as relating to the means-tested, residual, ‘assistance’ dimensions of state provision whereas, in the United Kingdom and most other European countries, it has acquired a broader meaning. Here, the policy areas most frequently encompassed under ‘welfare’ – sometimes called ‘social welfare’ – are income security, health, ‘social’ housing, education and the personal social services. The rationale for this delineation is opaque but seems to be based on the notion that these five services share a common orientation towards meeting individual needs (Taylor-Gooby and Dale, 1981: 3, Goodin, 1988: 11).