How do views about children shape research concerned with their lives? What different forms can research with children take? What ethical issues does it involve? How does it impact on policy and practice, and on the lives of children themselves? This book helps you to understand how research is designed and carried out to explore questions about the lives of children and young people. It tackles the methodological, practical and ethical challenges involved, and features examples of actual research that illustrate: • Different strategies for carrying out research • Common challenges that arise in the research process • Varying modes of engagement that researchers can adopt with participants and audiences; and • The impact that research can have on future studies, policy and practice.
Chapter 5: Ethics
This chapter begins by briefly considering the development of research ethics and its regulation, then outlines three main frameworks or approaches to thinking about ethics: principles, outcomes and rights. Some limitations and criticisms of research ethics are summarised, followed by sections on why research ethics matter, and on applying to an ethics review committee. The rest of the chapter reviews some of the key questions and processes related to ethics that arise throughout research projects, from first plans onwards. These include harm and benefit, privacy and confidentiality, information and consent. Concern with research ethics began in medicine, but besides healthcare this chapter also relates to research in education, welfare, youth, criminal justice, commercial and many other services and topics that affect children ...