- Subject index
This book is an introduction and guide to the dramatic changes that have occurred in the provision of public services over the last two decades. The authors combine theoretical perspectives with a global range of case studies from Europe, North America, and other areas to explain why, how, and with what success liberal democracies have reformed the service role of the state.
Chapter Two: European Integration – Recapturing Sovereignty and Institutionalising Liberalisation
European Integration – Recapturing Sovereignty and Institutionalising Liberalisation
For most political and economic actors, European integration is a double-edged sword; at the same time a challenge and an opportunity. National policymakers sometimes see the EU as a threat, but it can also be a source of protection. This duality dates back to the establishment of the European Union institutions in the 1950s, in the form of the European Coal and Steel Community, Euratom and the European Economic Community. These organisations were established partly to ‘rescue the nation state’ in Europe (Milward 1984, 1992) after two world wars, and partly to bind the West European states together and institutionalise interdependence (Haas 1958), thus preventing future wars. On one hand, ...