`This is a comprehensive text that is extremely well written by top social psychologists, with all of the major theoretical perspectives represented. The editors should be commended for putting together this lively and engaging text' - Nyla Branscombe Department of Psychology, University of Kansas A range of international events have recently focused attention on issues of prejudice, racism and social conflict: increasing tensions in former Eastern bloc countries, political conflict in Northern Ireland and the United States, as well as racial conflict in the Baltic States, Middle East, Africa, and Australasia. In light of these events, Understanding Prejudice, Racism and Social Conflict presents a timely and important update to the literature, and will a fascinating textbook for all students who need to study the subject.
Chapter 6: Prejudice and Personality: The Case of the Authoritarian and Social Dominator
Prejudice and Personality: The Case of the Authoritarian and Social Dominator
The link between prejudice and personality traits is not new to social psychology, but has a long and illustrious history extending at least to the 1930s with the formulation of the frustration-aggression hypothesis (Dollard et al., 1939). Over the years, other personality traits have also been suggested as possible precursors to prejudice and intolerance, including: low self-esteem, insecurity, and anxiety, as well as authoritarianism (see Duckitt, 1994, for a thorough review).
Rather than focus on selected traits such as self-esteem or anxiety, other scholars have sought to explain prejudice through well-established and formal personality theories. Thus, for example, Eysenck (e.g., Eysenck and Wilson, ...