This book provides a key introduction to the theory, concepts and practice of the person-centred approach, through the lens of the practitioner's experience and personal development.
Writing as someone who has been through real life challenges and has developed and learned as a result, the author's strikingly personal style not only helps to contextualise complex and nuanced theory, but makes this a truly unique book about real person-centred practice and experience. From Roger's early philosophy through to the current developments and controversies in the field, the author uses personal testimonies, exercises and reflection points to make challenging concepts and practice issues accessible for the novice reader. What results is an informative and fascinating read for all those training and interested in the person-centred approach.
Chapter Six: Incongruence and When Personality Becomes Dysfunctional
Incongruence and When Personality Becomes Dysfunctional
What is my working definition of a dysfunctional personality?
For me, this means that a person so denies particular, organic experiences that her/his resulting self-concept and accompanying behaviour becomes detrimental to the healthy and adjusted maintenance and enhancement of self. And/or a person is unable to live in satisfactory, co-productive socialisation with others.
Therefore, in Person-Centred theory what part does incongruence play in personality dysfunction and why and how does incongruence occur?
In his theory of personality Rogers describes incongruence and how it manifests in Proposition 11(c):
As experiences occur in the life of the individual, they are either (a) symbolized, perceived, and organized into some relationship to the self, (b) ignored because there is no perceived relationship ...