Student nurses strive to become evidence-based practitioners, and to achieve this they need to understand how research impacts on health and health care. This new book helps readers to do just that, providing a readable, concise guide to the research process for those who are beginning their first degree. It walks students through the research process, covering topics such as how to choose a research question, literature reviewing and analysing findings. Key features of the book are: • A companion website to support lecturers in their teaching and students in their learning. The site offers resources including class discussion questions, quizzes and free SAGE journal articles • Learning outcomes and key points which highlight important information • Definitions of difficult terms and an interactive glossary • Activities to help students revise and test their learning It will be essential reading for all those studying on undergraduate degrees in nursing and health, as well as those taking courses to continue their professional development. [SAGE companion website icon]
Chapter 6: Understanding Sampling and Sampling Size
Understanding Sampling and Sampling Size
The idea of gathering data about individuals is not a modern concept. The Bible makes reference to Caesar Augustus who lived between 63 B.C. and 23 A.D. undertaking a census of the population (St. Luke's Gospel). Similarly, William the Conqueror was responsible for the ‘Domesday Book’, a census of the population of his kingdom, which was completed in 1086. Both of these censuses were undertaken for the purpose of taxation, so would have sought to include the total population to ensure everyone paid their dues.
Nowadays, population census is used in situations such as a ‘quinquennial’ or a ‘decennial’ census, by which modern states attempt to plan future needs by gathering data such as the gender, ...