`Everyone concerned over the construction of a truly social Europe will learn much from this thoughtful and probing study." - Professor Colin Crouch, Istituto Universitario Europeo In this comprehensive overview of trade unionism in Europe and beyond, Richard Hyman offers a fresh perspective on trade union identity, ideology and strategy. He shows how the varied forms and impact of different national movements reflect historical choices on whether to emphasize a role as market bargainers, mobilizers of class opposition or partners in social integration. The book demonstrates how these inherited traditions can serve as both resources and constraints in responding to the challenges which confront trade unions in
Chapter 7: Italian Trade Unionism: Between Class and Society
Italian Trade Unionism: Between Class and Society
The post-war reconstruction of Italian trade unionism followed a trajectory in many respects distinct from that in Germany. In part this was because the end of the war came in a very different manner. In 1943, following the allied landings in Sicily and with an invasion of the mainland imminent, Mussolini was ousted in a palace coup and the new government negotiated an armistice soon afterwards, declaring war on the Germans who now occupied much of the country and supported Mussolini's rump government in part of the north. As the allies fought their way up slowly from the south, a powerful partisan movement, in which communists played a key role, rapidly developed ...