`Everyone concerned over the construction of a truly social Europe will learn much from this thoughtful and probing study." - Professor Colin Crouch, Istituto Universitario Europeo In this comprehensive overview of trade unionism in Europe and beyond, Richard Hyman offers a fresh perspective on trade union identity, ideology and strategy. He shows how the varied forms and impact of different national movements reflect historical choices on whether to emphasize a role as market bargainers, mobilizers of class opposition or partners in social integration. The book demonstrates how these inherited traditions can serve as both resources and constraints in responding to the challenges which confront trade unions in
Chapter 6: German Trade Unionism: Between Society and Market
German Trade Unionism: Between Society and Market
In both Germany and Italy, modern trade unionism is in many respects a product of the second half of the twentieth century. Under Hitler and Mussolini, free trade unionism was brutally suppressed; in each country a new movement was created by design and from above after the defeat of the dictators. This does not mean that nothing of the former traditions survived to inform post-war identities and actions; but in contrast to the British case, it makes sense for the following two chapters to focus on the post-war era. Accordingly, each will be substantially shorter than the last.
The theme of the present chapter is the shifting geometry of German trade unionism.1 In ...