`Everyone concerned over the construction of a truly social Europe will learn much from this thoughtful and probing study." - Professor Colin Crouch, Istituto Universitario Europeo In this comprehensive overview of trade unionism in Europe and beyond, Richard Hyman offers a fresh perspective on trade union identity, ideology and strategy. He shows how the varied forms and impact of different national movements reflect historical choices on whether to emphasize a role as market bargainers, mobilizers of class opposition or partners in social integration. The book demonstrates how these inherited traditions can serve as both resources and constraints in responding to the challenges which confront trade unions in
Chapter 1: The Strategic Orientations of Trade Unionism: A Stylized Introduction
The Strategic Orientations of Trade Unionism: A Stylized Introduction
In the Nordic countries, trade unions and employers' organizations are usually described as the ‘labour market parties’. In Britain, it has been traditional to speak of the ‘two sides’ in industrial relations. In many other European countries, the normal term is the ‘social partners’. These differences in vocabulary neatly encapsulate a core concern of this book. In different national contexts and historical periods, trade unions may be seen – by their own members and officials and by outsiders – primarily as economic agencies engaged in collective bargaining over routine terms and conditions of employment; as fighting organizations confronting employers in a struggle between hostile classes;1 or as components ...