`This is surely the ultimate expression of the top-down approach to consciousness, written with Sommerhoff's characteristic clarity and precision. It says far more than other books four times the size of this admirably concise volume. This book is destined to become a pillar of the subject' -Rodney Cotterill, Technical University of Denmark The problem of consciousness has been described as a mystery about which we are still in a terrible muddle and in Understanding Consciousness: Its Function and Brain Processes, the author unravels this mystery through a clarification of the main concepts related to consciousness, followed by a comprehensive biological explanation. Consequently, this book will be idea

Acquired Expectancies

Acquired expectancies

A Functional Definition of States of Expectancy

In this chapter I want to take a closer look at the nature of acquired states of expectancy and at their contribution to the RWM, beginning with the functional definition of a state of expectancy already introduced in Section 2.3. This is the third of our key concepts, the other two being the structural and functional concepts of internal representation as defined in Section 1.5. After that I shall turn to the act–outcome expectancies involved in one of the most important constituents of the RWM: the internal representation of spatial relationships, illustrating this with three simple examples.

States of expectancy of an event have two components that need to be separated. First, a state of expectancy of ...

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