Understanding and Working with Substance Misusers explores the complex nature of addiction and the challenges involved in responding effectively through policy and practice. It examines the biopyschosocial elements of addiction to substances (including alcohol) and, draws together key research findings from these fields to present a new framework for integrating theory and practice. This book fills the need for a text which makes the complex issues surrounding substance misuse accessible to both students and practitioners.
Chapter 8: Complex Adaptive Systems: A New paradigm for Working with Addiction?
Complex Adaptive Systems: A New paradigm for Working with Addiction?
The aims of this chapter are to:
- argue that addiction is best seen as an example of a complex self-organising system
- challenge linear and reductionist approaches to understanding and working with addiction
- discuss the application of this approach to the search for effective interventions with particular reference to motivational working.
The theme of this book is the inherently complex nature of substance use and misuse and with particular reference to the biopsychosocial paradigm. In exploring that paradigm we have taken a chronological perspective in human thinking; from the classical disease perspective, through to dependence syndromes, to psychological approaches, and then on to more recent developments in neurobiology, genomics, and evolutionary ...