Understanding and Using Statistics in Psychology takes the fear out of psychological statistics to help students understand why statistics are carried out, how to choose the best test, how to carry out the tests, and then perform the analysis in SPSS. Emphasizing the place of statistical analysis in the process of conducting research, from design to report writing, this accessible and straightforward guide takes a non-technical approach, encouraging the reader to understand why a particular test is being used and what the results mean in the context of a psychological study. The focus is on meaning and understanding rather than numerical calculation.

Report Writing

Report writing

What's in This Chapter?

  • What goes in a report
  • Presenting a report
  • Checklist for your final report

Key Terms

confidence interval

data trawling




research hypotheses

response rate

statistical hypotheses



You've done the difficult bit. You've analysed your data and found the p-values and you've managed to understand what you've found, so now you just have to write it up. Shame to mess it up now, but it's so easily done. Most readers won't even look at this chapter. It's like ‘study skills’ lessons – you never go. And the instructions on the new piece of equipment – well, they're for wimps. The first rule of cool is not to look at the instructions until you've broken it. But you know it makes sense to think about your report, and the fact that ...

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