- Subject index
Biological, psychological and social factors are considered in this volume in its exploration of adolescent substance abuse, with adolescents presented as a clearly defined group with unique needs and concerns. The author examines issues such as assessment, treatment planning, service provision and the recovery process, and proposes creative treatment approaches. Integrating the complex elements which impact upon the initiation, maintenance and treatment of young substance abusers, the author uses his biopsychosocial model to examine normative issues for adolescents and how impairment in these areas can cause - or be the result of - substance abuse. Consideration is also given to particularly vulnerable young people, such a
Chapter 3: Essential Connections for Understanding Adolescent Substance Abuse: A Biopsychosocial Perspective
Essential Connections for Understanding Adolescent Substance Abuse: A Biopsychosocial Perspective
In the introduction to this book a biopsychosocial perspective toward health problems in general, and specifically to addictions, is summarized. This perspective entails a multi-factorial and interactive understanding of a given disorder.
The biopsychosocial model for understanding adolescent substance abuse presented in this book encompasses five possible levels of causal factors. These levels are: biological factors, adolescent psychological development variables, interpersonal determinants (both family functioning factors and peer relationship factors), community variables, and societal factors (Figure 3.1). These five levels of factors can be viewed as contained within each other, much like a set of Chinese boxes. The levels also interact with each other (Todd, 1985). In ...