Author Pamilla Ramsden presents a thorough understanding of abnormal psychology for undergraduate students with a focus on the integration of psychology, biology and health. Understanding Abnormal Psychology: Clinical and Biological Perspectives goes beyond a descriptive overview of clinical disorders to provide a critical appreciation of the multifaceted aspects of mental illness. Each disorder is clearly and succinctly explained with the support of case studies. These examples are then used to introduce students to the debates surrounding current research, the biology of abnormal disorders and standards of treatment. The bridge between the biological elements of brain functioning and the psychological mechanisms that are responsible for coping and adjustment is thoroughly explored. This valuable consideration of the range of elements involved in the diagnosis and treatment of clinical disorders gives students a broad and critical understanding of this complex and fascinating field.

Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety disorders

Learning aims

At the end of this chapter you should:

  • Recognize and understand the aetiology and symptoms of anxiety disorders
  • Be familiar with the various types of anxiety disorders
  • Understand how the psychological and biological components can cause a class of abnormal disorders
  • Be aware of the various types of treatment for anxiety disorders.


Case Study

Caroline was a 37-year-old businesswoman. She was a manager and co-owner of a large legal corporation that managed the practices of twelve solicitors. She was completely responsible for two departments: accounting and collections, as well as constantly helping to expand the corporation by engaging new law firms. Caroline had always been an overachiever, earning very good marks in school, and then continuing on to university in business studies and earning a ...

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