Both provocative and controversial, Tuning In to Young Viewers focuses on a key area of media studies. Today, issues such as violence on television and children's dependence on television are continually debated. This volume provides a much-needed overview of the crucial topics concerning the uses and effects of television. Designed both in style and organization as an upper-level text for courses in communication and psychology, it is written by scholars well-known to both fields and particularly recognized for their work related to media influences. Topics include diversity on television, television dependence and its diagnosis and prevention, television and the socialization of young children, children's fear, and other indirect effects of television. For researchers and professionals interested in the effects of television, this book delves into the important topics related to television viewing. The extensive analysis provided makes this text a necessity for courses in media, communication, developmental psychology, sociology, and popular culture.
Chapter 5: Television Violence Viewing and Aggressive Behavior
Television Violence Viewing and Aggressive Behavior
Aggressive behavior among children represents a major clinical and social problem. One third to one half of all clinical referrals are for behavior problems (Kazdin, 1987), which often include aggressive behavior. According to the diagnostic manual of the American Psychiatric Association (APA, 1994), approximately 9% of boys and 2% of girls in the United States have severe behavior disorders, and the incidence of specific behaviors that comprise these disorders (e.g., aggression) is much higher (Kazdin, 1987). Children who display disruptive patterns of behavior often continue to require attention from mental health and criminal justice systems, making disruptive behavior an extremely costly problem for society.
Aggressive patterns of interacting are observable very early in life and ...