Doctoral education is of prime importance worldwide. In many countries, there is severe shortage of doctoral degree holders, while in others there is an oversupply in many fields. There is a global debate on the best ways of providing doctoral training. To illustrate global trends, the book analyses the current realities of doctoral education with the help of case studies based on fourteen countries and one continent.  It includes an overview of the state of the literature on doctoral education as well as an analysis of doctoral education from a historical perspective with a detailed comparative discussion. Trends and Issues in Doctoral Education: A Global Perspective also examines the challenges and ideas of current and proposed reforms in doctoral education.

Russian Doctoral Education: Between Teaching and Research
Russian doctoral education: Between teaching and research
Elena Kobzar Sergey Roshchin

Doctoral education in Russia has a long history, with the first PhD degree being awarded more than 200 years ago. The modern Russian model of doctoral education and the models in those countries that are part of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) go back to Soviet times. Doctoral education reform in Russia began later than in other CIS countries. The current state of doctoral training in CIS countries represents a diverse set of approaches, but in most of them, the European model prevails. Meanwhile, five years ago, Russia switched to a US model with structured programmes. Despite this transition, Russian ...

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