Doctoral education is of prime importance worldwide. In many countries, there is severe shortage of doctoral degree holders, while in others there is an oversupply in many fields. There is a global debate on the best ways of providing doctoral training. To illustrate global trends, the book analyses the current realities of doctoral education with the help of case studies based on fourteen countries and one continent.  It includes an overview of the state of the literature on doctoral education as well as an analysis of doctoral education from a historical perspective with a detailed comparative discussion. Trends and Issues in Doctoral Education: A Global Perspective also examines the challenges and ideas of current and proposed reforms in doctoral education.

The Past, Present and Future of Doctoral Education in Germany
The past, present and future of doctoral education in germany
Barbara M. Kehm

In recent years, many higher education reforms and policy initiatives around the world have focused on doctoral education. Most high-income and upper middle-income countries see themselves as knowledge societies and economies, for which a highly qualified workforce is deemed increasingly important. Accordingly, doctoral education has become a focus, but not without doubts concerning quality of supervision, time to degree and qualification for non-academic jobs, to name only a few (Shin, Kehm, and Jones 2018). In fact, new approaches are sometimes strongly resisted by those academics who educate, train and supervise doctoral students. This chapter explores how these tensions are ...

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