Doctoral education is of prime importance worldwide. In many countries, there is severe shortage of doctoral degree holders, while in others there is an oversupply in many fields. There is a global debate on the best ways of providing doctoral training. To illustrate global trends, the book analyses the current realities of doctoral education with the help of case studies based on fourteen countries and one continent. It includes an overview of the state of the literature on doctoral education as well as an analysis of doctoral education from a historical perspective with a detailed comparative discussion. Trends and Issues in Doctoral Education: A Global Perspective also examines the challenges and ideas of current and proposed reforms in doctoral education.
Chapter 2: Doctoral Education Worldwide: Three Decades of Change
Doctoral education is a key element of the post-secondary landscape everywhere. With the spread of higher education massification and the rise of the global knowledge economy that began in the late 20th century and continues until today, doctoral education has expanded tremendously. Most countries have introduced reforms or changes, which have been both welcomed and criticized. Largely ignored in the previous research literature, doctoral education has recently been analysed in more detail (Gokhberg, Shmatko, and Auriol 2016; Golde and Walker 2006; Lovitts 2001; Maki and Borkowski 2006; Nerad 2004, 2010; Nerad and Cerny 1999; Nerad and Evans 2014; Nerad and Heggelund 2008; Nerad, June and Miller ...