Doctoral education is of prime importance worldwide. In many countries, there is severe shortage of doctoral degree holders, while in others there is an oversupply in many fields. There is a global debate on the best ways of providing doctoral training. To illustrate global trends, the book analyses the current realities of doctoral education with the help of case studies based on fourteen countries and one continent. It includes an overview of the state of the literature on doctoral education as well as an analysis of doctoral education from a historical perspective with a detailed comparative discussion. Trends and Issues in Doctoral Education: A Global Perspective also examines the challenges and ideas of current and proposed reforms in doctoral education.
Chapter 16: Building Research Capacity and Training: Brazilian Dilemmas in Doctoral Education
Doctoral education has grown rapidly in Brazil since its organization as part of a national graduate system in the 1960s. Its rise was a direct result of investments made by the Brazilian state in technological capacity-building, and in training high-level specialists needed for the economic development plans developed in that period. When this structure was defined, in the middle of the 1960s, only 11 doctoral programmes were fully functioning in the country (Balbachevsky 2005). Thirty years later, in 1998, those programmes numbered 773, with an enrolment ...