Doctoral education is of prime importance worldwide. In many countries, there is severe shortage of doctoral degree holders, while in others there is an oversupply in many fields. There is a global debate on the best ways of providing doctoral training. To illustrate global trends, the book analyses the current realities of doctoral education with the help of case studies based on fourteen countries and one continent. It includes an overview of the state of the literature on doctoral education as well as an analysis of doctoral education from a historical perspective with a detailed comparative discussion. Trends and Issues in Doctoral Education: A Global Perspective also examines the challenges and ideas of current and proposed reforms in doctoral education.
Chapter 11: Mainland China: Rapid Growth and New Strategies in Doctoral Education
Mainland China (hereafter China) did not have doctoral education until 1978, although degree awarding documents may be traced back to 1935, before the People's Republic of China was founded (Wu, Lu, and Wang 2001). Yet, after four decades of development, China has become the largest doctorate producer in the world. Doctoral education plays an important role in providing talent for China's rising economy and strengthening the soft power of the country. At the same time, challenges and problems do exist. If not addressed appropriately, they will hinder the robustness of the system. In recent years, multiple reform projects have ...