- Subject index
Trauma: Contemporary Directions in Theory, Practice, and Research is a comprehensive text on trauma, including such phenomena as sexual abuse, childhood trauma, PTSD, terrorism, natural disasters, cultural trauma, school shootings, and combat trauma. Addressing multiple theoretical systems and how each system conceptualizes trauma, the book offers valuable information about therapeutic process dimensions and the use of specialized methods and clinical techniques in trauma work, with an emphasis on how trauma treatment may affect the clinician. Intended for courses in clinical practice and psychopathology, the book may also be useful as a graduate-level text in the allied mental health professions.
Chapter 8: The Trauma of Bullying Experiences
The Trauma of Bullying Experiences
The pervasiveness of bullying among children is well documented. The effects may be far-reaching both for children who are victimized and for those who bully. Bullying is recognized as a complex phenomenon that is a relationship problem (Pepler et al., 2006), characterized by the assertion of power through aggression (Pepler & Craig, 2000). The power differential between the child who bullies and the child who is victimized becomes entrenched with repeated bullying, thereby increasing the powerlessness of the child who is bullied (Craig & Pepler, 2003). Children who are bullied repeatedly become increasingly unable to defend themselves and thus require protection from adults. The power possessed by children who bully may exist due to ...