Transgenderism and Intersexuality in Childhood and Adolescence: Making Choices presents an overview of the research, clinical insights, and ethical dilemmas relevant to clinicians who treat intersex youth and their families. Exploring gender development from a cross-cultural perspective, esteemed scholar Peggy T. Cohen-Kettenis and experienced practitioner Friedemann Pfäfflin focus on assessment, diagnosis, and treatment issues. To bridge research and practical application, they include numerous case studies, definitions of relevant terminology, and salient chapter summaries.

Legal Issues of Intersexuality and Transsexualism

Legal issues of intersexuality and transsexualism

Legal Sex Assignment of Intersexes

Ancient History

In history, most intersex conditions could not be recognized and the children were thus not treated differently from other children. The definition of the sex of a newborn with ambiguous genitals, however, has been a problem from ancient times. Although ancient Roman traditions glorified androgyny in art and in philosophy, babies with ambiguous genitals were seen as monsters (monstra) and as a bad omen, and they were killed in a purifying ceremony (Wacke, 1989). Only in the 6th century did Emperor Justinian suggest letting such children live and deciding their sex according to the predominant aspect of their genitals as either male or female. As this decision was not ...

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