- Subject index
Training Instruments in HRD and OD is an outcome of Dr Udai Pareek’s rich worldwide experience of more than 50 years with diverse organisations, HRD professionals, researchers, students and trainers. It contains a repertoire of psychological tests, questionnaires, self-evaluation tests, projective techniques and other instruments that have been used by organisations in different countries, including the Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Ireland, Canada and USA. The experience from diverse users have widened the scope and application of these instruments with minor adaptations for different cultural settings. The book is an outcome of Dr Udai Pareek's rich worldwide experience of more than 50 years with diverse organisations, HRD professionals, researchers, students, and trainers. This enhanced fourth edition includes: • A range of instruments for building team effectiveness in organisations. • Added information on ‘reliability and validity’ in several instruments. Celebrating its vast readership for over two decades, the book caters to Indian HRD professionals, trainers, consultants and researchers.
Chapter 13: Psychological Needs: Work Preference Schedule
Psychological Needs: Work Preference Schedule
13.1 The Instrument and its Administration
The main purpose of the Work Preference Schedule is to get a profile of a respondent's four psychological needs as reflected in the choice of occupations.
13.2 Conceptual Framework
A person's behaviour is the result of several factors or motives. A knowledge of the typical, primary motivators of behaviour in a work setting can help managers and consultants to deal more effectively with people.
Murray (1938) developed a long list of human motives or needs, and his work has inspired further studies, which have produced different lists of significant behavioural motives. McClelland, Atkinson, Clark and Lowell (1953) suggested three important motives—achievement, affiliation and power—and elaborate methods for measuring them. McClelland subsequently demonstrated the ...