In a world where global flows of people and commodities are on the increase, crimes related to illegal trafficking are creating new concerns for society. This in turn has brought about new and contentious forms of regulation, surveillance, and control. There is a pressing need to consider both the problem itself, and the impact of international anti-trafficking responses.
This authoritative work examines key issues and debates on sex and labor trafficking, drawing on theoretical, empirical, and comparative material to inform the discussion of major trends and future directions. The text brings together key criminological and sociological literature on migration studies, gender, globalization, human rights, security, victimology, policing, and control to provide the most complete overview available on the subject.
Suitable for students and scholars in criminology, criminal justice and sociology, this book sheds unique light on this highly topical and complex subject.
Chapter Five: The War on Human Trafficking
The War on Human Trafficking
Within the predominant trafficking-as-organised crime framework, transnational organised crime has been regarded as the ‘New Evil Empire’ and ‘the greatest non-military threat to national security’ (Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, 2000: 1), requiring war-like measures to counter its threat to the state. The use of a ‘war fighting’ language in crime control is nothing new. The war on human trafficking grew out of the law and order agenda of American zero tolerance-style ‘war on crime’ policies since former President Nixon identified illegal drugs as ‘public enemy no. 1’ in the 1970s. As Elwood (1994: 5) wrote in relation to the rhetoric in drug war declarations, ‘war is ...