In a world where global flows of people and commodities are on the increase, crimes related to illegal trafficking are creating new concerns for society. This in turn has brought about new and contentious forms of regulation, surveillance, and control. There is a pressing need to consider both the problem itself, and the impact of international anti-trafficking responses.
This authoritative work examines key issues and debates on sex and labor trafficking, drawing on theoretical, empirical, and comparative material to inform the discussion of major trends and future directions. The text brings together key criminological and sociological literature on migration studies, gender, globalization, human rights, security, victimology, policing, and control to provide the most complete overview available on the subject.
Suitable for students and scholars in criminology, criminal justice and sociology, this book sheds unique light on this highly topical and complex subject.
Chapter Four: Trafficking and Transnational Organised Crime
Trafficking and Transnational Organised Crime
One of the vilest crimes that threaten our society is the trafficking of human beings. This horrendous crime is the product of organised criminality, whose business is to make money from human misery. (Former Home Secretary Jacqui Smith, Home Office Press Release, 14 January 2008)
The articulation of human trafficking as a distinct crime problem requiring transnational law enforcement is most clearly embodied in the 2000 UN Convention Against Transnational Organised Crime and its supplementary Trafficking Protocol. Notwithstanding its reference to measures ‘to protect the victims’, the UN Trafficking Protocol has been framed first and foremost as a law enforcement instrument for the ‘prevention, suppression and punishment of trafficking in persons’ (‘Preamble’, UN Trafficking Protocol). This enforcement ...