In a world where global flows of people and commodities are on the increase, crimes related to illegal trafficking are creating new concerns for society. This in turn has brought about new and contentious forms of regulation, surveillance, and control. There is a pressing need to consider both the problem itself, and the impact of international anti-trafficking responses.
This authoritative work examines key issues and debates on sex and labor trafficking, drawing on theoretical, empirical, and comparative material to inform the discussion of major trends and future directions. The text brings together key criminological and sociological literature on migration studies, gender, globalization, human rights, security, victimology, policing, and control to provide the most complete overview available on the subject.
Suitable for students and scholars in criminology, criminal justice and sociology, this book sheds unique light on this highly topical and complex subject.
Chapter Three: Constructing and Denying Victimhood in Trafficking
Constructing and Denying Victimhood in Trafficking
We have always recognised the central role of victims … A strong enforcement arm is not effective unless the corollary victim protection and assistance is in place. Victims may not come forward and identify themselves if there is no support, protection or assistance available to them. (Home Office and Scottish Executive, 2007: 5)
The latter decades of the twentieth century saw what has been described as the ‘rediscovery’ of the victim and the development of ‘victim-oriented’ criminal justice policies in the UK and other jurisdictions. In the field of trafficking, victim protection has to be reconciled with the criminal justice objectives of securing successful prosecutions of traffickers and controlling immigrants who are in breach of ...