In a world where global flows of people and commodities are on the increase, crimes related to illegal trafficking are creating new concerns for society. This in turn has brought about new and contentious forms of regulation, surveillance, and control. There is a pressing need to consider both the problem itself, and the impact of international anti-trafficking responses.
This authoritative work examines key issues and debates on sex and labor trafficking, drawing on theoretical, empirical, and comparative material to inform the discussion of major trends and future directions. The text brings together key criminological and sociological literature on migration studies, gender, globalization, human rights, security, victimology, policing, and control to provide the most complete overview available on the subject.
Suitable for students and scholars in criminology, criminal justice and sociology, this book sheds unique light on this highly topical and complex subject.
Chapter Two: Contemporary Patterns of Human Trafficking
Contemporary Patterns of Human Trafficking
Dominant conceptualisations of trafficking regard it first and foremost as an organised crime and illegal migration problem requiring criminal justice and immigration control interventions. One way to challenge this skewed framing of trafficking and its criminalising tendencies is to develop a sociologically informed understanding of the patterns of human trafficking and the many interconnections between personal troubles and public issues. This chapter contributes to this alternative framing by providing a sociological account of the trafficking–migration nexus and the contributory factors behind the exploitation of men and women in trafficking and other forms of migration. What do we know about the contemporary patterns of human trafficking, and how are they shaped by our data sources and policy ...