In a world where global flows of people and commodities are on the increase, crimes related to illegal trafficking are creating new concerns for society. This in turn has brought about new and contentious forms of regulation, surveillance, and control. There is a pressing need to consider both the problem itself, and the impact of international anti-trafficking responses.

This authoritative work examines key issues and debates on sex and labor trafficking, drawing on theoretical, empirical, and comparative material to inform the discussion of major trends and future directions. The text brings together key criminological and sociological literature on migration studies, gender, globalization, human rights, security, victimology, policing, and control to provide the most complete overview available on the subject.

Suitable for students and scholars in criminology, criminal justice and sociology, this book sheds unique light on this highly topical and complex subject.

Contested Definitions of Human Trafficking

Contested definitions of human trafficking

Introduction

There is now a plethora of state bodies, non-governmental organisations, specialised networks of counter-trafficking agencies, United Nations and other international organisations that have produced a number of multi-lateral agreements, international and regional conventions and declarations against trafficking,1 research reports, conference papers, action plans, good practice guidelines and technical assistance toolkits. For example, the United Nations launched a Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking in 2007 to promote ‘a global, multi-stakeholder strategy’ to tackle ‘a crime that shames us all’; the initiative boasted a range of collaborative partners from government and non-governmental organisations, transnational corporations, to celebrity-led networks of goodwill ambassadors.2Much of this information-work and scholarly research on trafficking is underpinned by the assumption that human ...

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