The concept of diaspora has been much debated during the past decade in terms of the essential and additional features that go with it, arguing which groups or communities could beuld not be designated as diaspora. The Indian diaspora today, with a strong community constituting more than 20 million and spreading across a hundred countries, continues to grow in size and making its transnational presence felt. This collection of essays traces some of the plurality with the Indian context as well as in the context of globalization, and transnationalism.
The book discusses the migratory movements that have led to the formation of the Indian diaspora and formation to diasporic practices-the ways and means of remembering and enacting diasporic belonging and the sites and spaces where such narratives of belonging are performed and how these issues are played out through texts, and rituals such as pilgrimages and building temples.
Chapter 5: Indo-Caribbean Political Leaders during the Twentieth Century
Indo-Caribbean Political Leaders during the Twentieth Century
During the period of Indian indentureship to the British, French and Dutch Caribbean (1838–1920) approximately 500,000 girmityas (agreement signers) made the long journey of just over 10,000 miles across the kala pani. Most of the labourers remained in the region after the end of their bondage. About 25 per cent returned to India after fulfilling their five or 10-year contracts. Today, the descendants of the indentured workers are spread over the whole Caribbean space, forming a majority in Guyana and substantial minorities in Trinidad and Tobago as well as Suriname. In the other smaller Caribbean states, East Indians form groups in populations which are predominantly Afro-Caribbean. Table 5.1 gives a ...