Toward a Geopolitics of Hope posits a world order marked less by univocal “globalization” than by a grating geopolitics of rival capitalisms. Now that China, Russia, and much of the undemocratic developing world have embraced capitalism, this new Second World can no longer be regarded as a fleeting phenomenon. Globalization turns out to be anything but the steadfast ally of democratization it purports to be. Indeed, the Western democratic experiment of the last two centuries is starting to look very tentative and parochial.
For this the West has nothing to blame but itself. In many respects the new Second World was spawned by First World neoliberal engagement. The Washington Consensus has not only brought the world to the brink of an intractable economic depression, but has played midwife to a chronic geopolitical crisis. Hope, however, is anything but defeatist in the face of this globalist impasse. It draws upon a host of non-Western reformisms—with special attention to those of India, Burma, and the Arab Spring—to forge a Global Third Way. Likewise its moral realism bridges the classic imperatives of Third World social justice and First World security. Its paramount goal is not just a new “soft power” politics, but a post-globalist geopolitics of hope.
Indo-Globalization: India and the Crisis of Asian Democracy
Speaking at the Indian History Congress of 2007, 150 years after the Revolt of 1857, Kerala's chief minister V. S. Achuthanandan condemned the new imperialism that was engulfing India under the rubric of globalization.1 His message could not have been more at odds with the globalist celebration that was staged the year before at the World Economic Forum in Davos. There the spotlight had been on Asia's rising titans, China and India, with rapt attention given to their two billion potential customers.2 But it was China that stole the show, and since then it quite literally has been stealing globalization.
By the end of 2005 China had surpassed France, Italy, ...