Toward a Geopolitics of Hope posits a world order marked less by univocal “globalization” than by a grating geopolitics of rival capitalisms. Now that China, Russia, and much of the undemocratic developing world have embraced capitalism, this new Second World can no longer be regarded as a fleeting phenomenon. Globalization turns out to be anything but the steadfast ally of democratization it purports to be. Indeed, the Western democratic experiment of the last two centuries is starting to look very tentative and parochial.

For this the West has nothing to blame but itself. In many respects the new Second World was spawned by First World neoliberal engagement. The Washington Consensus has not only brought the world to the brink of an intractable economic depression, but has played midwife to a chronic geopolitical crisis. Hope, however, is anything but defeatist in the face of this globalist impasse. It draws upon a host of non-Western reformisms—with special attention to those of India, Burma, and the Arab Spring—to forge a Global Third Way. Likewise its moral realism bridges the classic imperatives of Third World social justice and First World security. Its paramount goal is not just a new “soft power” politics, but a post-globalist geopolitics of hope.

Tibet's Long Shadow: China, India, and the Cold War over “Asian Values”

Tibet's long shadow: China, India, and the Cold War over “Asian values”

The Manchurization of Tibet

On September 30, 2006, a 17-year-old Tibetan nun named Kelsang Namtso was gunned down by Chinese military personnel at Nagpa Pass near the China-Nepal border. For seventeen days she and her companions had drudged through rough and freezing Himalayan terrain in an effort to reach Buddhist havens outside Tibet. To have made it this far was something of a miracle. The group had been told there would be just two days of walking, and carried only that much food.1 A night crossing would have been highly advisable, to avoid detection, but to ease the ordeal for children in the ...

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