This is a critical introduction to the relations between tourism, tourists, and tourism spaces. It fuses economic and cultural perspectives to explain how tourism is dependent on place and space, while at the same time as defining those places and spaces. Examining different levels of scale - from local to global - Tourism and Tourism Spaces is informed by the discussion of three key processes: - production and consumption of tourist spaces - consumption and commodification of tourist experiences - construction and reconstruction of tourist spaces Each chapter engages with different theoretical perspectives; is illustrated with comparative examples and case studies; uses tables, boxes and figures throughout; and concludes with a summary. An integrated and systematic review of a range of theoretical positions - that integrates economic and cultural - Tourism and Tourism Spaces will be a key resource for students of geography, sociology, management studies, hospitality studies, and leisure studies.

Inter-Company Cooperation and Competition

Inter-company cooperation and competition

One of the most important dimensions of globalization is the intensification of competition (see Chapter 1). Firms respond to competitive pressures in a number of ways. The starting point for this analysis is Schumpeter's (1919, 1939) classic distinction between ‘weak’ or ‘repetitive’ and ‘strong’ or ‘disruptive’ competition. The former occurs within existing parameters, while the latter challenges and changes these. Whether there exists predominantly strong or weak competition depends on the time period, place or sector under review. However, it is not a matter of a dichotomy, with firms engaging in either weak or strong competition; and there are many different strategies within each of these generic types. Individual firms are likely to adopt multiple strategies in responding ...

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