This is a critical introduction to the relations between tourism, tourists, and tourism spaces. It fuses economic and cultural perspectives to explain how tourism is dependent on place and space, while at the same time as defining those places and spaces. Examining different levels of scale - from local to global - Tourism and Tourism Spaces is informed by the discussion of three key processes: - production and consumption of tourist spaces - consumption and commodification of tourist experiences - construction and reconstruction of tourist spaces Each chapter engages with different theoretical perspectives; is illustrated with comparative examples and case studies; uses tables, boxes and figures throughout; and concludes with a summary. An integrated and systematic review of a range of theoretical positions - that integrates economic and cultural - Tourism and Tourism Spaces will be a key resource for students of geography, sociology, management studies, hospitality studies, and leisure studies.

Tourism Firms and the Organization of Production

Tourism Firms and the Organization of Production

Tourism firms and the organization of production

This chapter focuses on the organization of production within tourism firms, especially the labour process. It begins by considering differences in firms, through an exploration of some of the basic features of two polar types – micro-firms and transnationals. It then proceeds to examine what is understood by the labour process, and some of its dominant features in capitalist societies. The chapter then discusses some of the distinctive features of the labour process in tourism, focusing on capital-labour substitution, work orientation and occupational communities, flexibility, occupational segregation, and the central importance of quality and performance in many jobs. Before proceeding to these themes, we first note some issues relating to the fragmentation ...

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