This book traces economic and political issues through SAARC’s thirty-year journey. Topical and well-researched, this collection provides a comprehensive assessment of SAARC and provides policy directives for the future. The book points out the issues and constraints that have hindered regional cooperation in South Asia. It establishes that despite being democracies, there has been little effort by member nations to promote regional cooperation in the public domain. It stresses that in view of the increased role that countries wish to play in globalisation, economic cooperation is the way forward. The book further argues that political will is the pivot on which the prospect of regional cooperation revolves.
Chapter 22: Human Rights Beyond the State: Generating Spaces for Rights in Society
Human Rights Beyond the State: Generating Spaces for Rights in Society
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) was articulated and formalised in the context of World War II. Essentially, it reflected the principles of the Allied Powers and the Four Freedoms upheld by them: (1) Freedom of Speech,1 (2) Freedom of Worship, (3) Freedom from Want and (4) Freedom from Fear. Although it was ‘international’ in nature, it failed to take into account some specific violations, particularly racist and ethnic ones, which prevailed within the ‘national’ societies of the signatory countries.
The UDHR was meant to uphold the ‘ideology’ of Western values and paradigms that affirmed that the state was the ...