Counselling with Children and Young People provides a distinctive focus on child therapy in school settings, addressing in a unique level of detail. The authors adopt a broad ecosystematic, integrative approach that takes into account the factors of family, school and wider community, placing emphasis on significant development and attachment issues.
Chapter Two: Infancy: The Foundations of Learning and Relating
Infancy: The Foundations of Learning and Relating
These foundations [of how human beings become fully human and how they learn to relate emotionally to others] are laid during pregnancy and in the first two years of life. This is when the ‘social brain’ is shaped and when an individual's emotional style and emotional resources are established (Gerhardt, 2004: 3).
This chapter will discuss the emotional development of children up to 2 years old and consider the likely significance of this period of life for learning and later formal education. The chapter will consider three major topics: the environmental setting, both physical and emotional, into which the child is born; the child's genetic ...