Drawing together the broad range of theoretical issues posed in the new study of masculinity, contributors from diverse backgrounds address in this volume the different disciplinary roots of theories of masculinity - sociology, psychoanalysis, ethnography, and inequality studies. Subsequent chapters theoretically model many issues central to the study of men - power, ethnicity, feminism, homophobia - or develop theoretical explanations of some of the institutions most closely identified with men including the military and the men's movement.
Chapter 4: Ethnographies and Masculinities
Ethnographies and Masculinities
As analysis of the nature of difference has moved to center stage in current theoretical approaches to gender, anthropology has also returned to its earlier importance as a primary discipline in gender studies. The importance of anthropology in studying difference should be evident; explaining differences was one of the original raisons D'ětre for the emergence of the discipline in the 19th century. What was examined between cultures then has come to be just as important within cultures now, that is, an early and simplistic approach to cross-cultural analysis that set up an “us-them” framework for difference has blossomed into a recognition of the multifaceted realities within any social or cultural grouping. This does not mean that seeking cross-cultural similarities is ...