Drawing together the broad range of theoretical issues posed in the new study of masculinity, contributors from diverse backgrounds address in this volume the different disciplinary roots of theories of masculinity - sociology, psychoanalysis, ethnography, and inequality studies. Subsequent chapters theoretically model many issues central to the study of men - power, ethnicity, feminism, homophobia - or develop theoretical explanations of some of the institutions most closely identified with men including the military and the men's movement.

Theorizing Masculinities in Contemporary Social Science

Theorizing masculinities in contemporary social science

Life is not determined by consciousness, but consciousness by life …circumstances make men just as much as men make circumstances.

Karl Marx, 1846/1978a

Not, then, men and their moments. Rather moments and their men.

Erving Goffman, 1967

Living a century apart and working at different levels of analysis, Karl Marx and Erving Goffman made unique contributions to the understanding of social life. Although their works are rarely mentioned together, these passages resonate with each other and raise two issues that deserve the attention of scholars who study gender. The first is that both men used what is now called “sexist” language. Both subsumed all of humanity under the term men, effectively minimizing the experiences of women and ignoring ...

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