Theories and Applications of Counseling and Psychotherapy provides students with the foundational knowledge needed to implement various therapeutic approaches in individual and family counseling. The dynamic author team presents theories through a multicultural and social justice-oriented lens, including evidence to support each theory. Students will embrace chapter concepts through vibrant illustrations and relevant examples from movies, TV shows, photographs, paintings, musical lyrics, news articles, and other sources presented throughout.

Multicultural and International Approaches

Multicultural and International Approaches

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Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter, each student should be able to:

  • Compare and contrast the main aspects of the inferiority model, the culturally deprived model, and the culturally different model.
  • List at least 10 cross-cultural and multicultural counseling competencies.
  • Give the definitions of race and ethnicity.
  • Describe a person with four intersecting identities other than race, ethnicity, sex (male/female), and age.
  • Defend Helms’s (1990) Black racial identity model from Cokley’s (2002) arguments against racial identity models.
  • List the goals of multicultural counseling.
  • Describe a situation where self-disclosure is useful in a multicultural interaction.
  • Discuss important considerations of cultural bias when doing multicultural assessment, including the clinical interview and clinical judgment.
  • List potential ethical considerations when counseling ethnic and racial minorities.
  • Discuss Berry’s (2001) bilinear model of ...

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