Theories and Applications of Counseling and Psychotherapy provides students with the foundational knowledge needed to implement various therapeutic approaches in individual and family counseling. The dynamic author team presents theories through a multicultural and social justice-oriented lens, including evidence to support each theory. Students will embrace chapter concepts through vibrant illustrations and relevant examples from movies, TV shows, photographs, paintings, musical lyrics, news articles, and other sources presented throughout.

Person-Centered Theory

Person-Centered Theory
Jeffrey Cornelius WhiteMatthew E. Lemberger

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Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter, each student should be able to:

  • Explain the historical context and the role of Carl Rogers in the development of person-centered theory.
  • Argue that the six core conditions are “necessary and sufficient” for positive therapeutic changes.
  • Critique the therapeutic process of person-centered therapy.
  • Prepare a chart to compare and contrast person-centered therapy as posited by Rogers and variants and extensions of his approach.
  • Defend the credibility of the special ethical considerations tied to person-centered therapy.
  • Assess the research support for person-centered therapy.
  • Support the relevance of person-centered therapy to current practice.


Carl Rogers’s person-centered theory unquestioningly made notable contributions to the practice of therapy. His emphasis on the importance of the therapeutic relationship is now taken for granted by ...

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