Theories and Applications of Counseling and Psychotherapy provides students with the foundational knowledge needed to implement various therapeutic approaches in individual and family counseling. The dynamic author team presents theories through a multicultural and social justice-oriented lens, including evidence to support each theory. Students will embrace chapter concepts through vibrant illustrations and relevant examples from movies, TV shows, photographs, paintings, musical lyrics, news articles, and other sources presented throughout.

Introduction and Overview

Introduction and Overview

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Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter, each student should be able to:

  • Compare the similarities and differences between the concepts “psychotherapy” and “counseling.”
  • Sketch the history of contemporary therapy and theory.
  • Appraise therapy’s relationship to theory.
  • Critique attributes used to judge the soundness of a theory.
  • Evaluate the strategies to assess the effectiveness of therapy.
  • Explain the authors’ approach to writing this textbook.

Two key terms found in the title of this textbook are psychotherapy and counseling. In the traditional sense of the term, psychotherapy was used to identify professionals who were trained to deal with serious mental or emotional disorders primarily through some form of psychological treatment; these professionals included clinically trained psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, and psychiatric social workers. The term counseling was used to ...

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