The 3rd edition of Theoretical Issues in Psychology provides an authoritative overview of the conceptual issues in psychology which introduces the underlying philosophies that underpin them. It includes new insights across the philosophy of science combined with increased psychological coverage to show clearly how these two communities interrelate, ensuring an integrative understanding of the fundamental debates and how they link to your wider studies.
Chapter 9: The Extended Mind: Biology, Body and Environment
The Extended Mind: Biology, Body and Environment
PREVIEW In this chapter, biologically-, phenomenologically- and culturally-inspired models and metaphors for mind or cognition will be discussed. All of these in some way or other go against the narrow mechanical interpretation of mind as symbol manipulation or network activation, that is, some form of computation. And in all these theories evolution and the natural or social environment lays a heavy weight on the origins, or the workings of mind. The extended mind is the evolutionary, world-embedded and embodied mind.
Introduction: Out of our Heads
As we have already noted, in the models discussed in the previous chapters, mechanical metaphors for the mind were dominant: digital computers, neural networks, logical machines, etc. ...