The 3rd edition of Theoretical Issues in Psychology provides an authoritative overview of the conceptual issues in psychology which introduces the underlying philosophies that underpin them. It includes new insights across the philosophy of science combined with increased psychological coverage to show clearly how these two communities interrelate, ensuring an integrative understanding of the fundamental debates and how they link to your wider studies.

Philosophy of Science (2): Criticism and Alternatives to Positivism

Philosophy of science (2): Criticism and alternatives to positivism

PREVIEW In this chapter we will introduce the reader to views on science developed out of a rejection of positivism. Thus, we will proceed with the discussion we started in the previous chapter. The fundamental issue had become how the objectivity claimed by science is possible. It raises deep epistemological problems, which have to do with questions about the reliability of psychological performances such as knowledge and perception. In these performances the relationships between firstly the knower and perceiver (scientists) and the world, and secondly within communities of scientists (or subjects in general), play an important role. How important these relationships are is heavily debated, as the ...

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