The 3rd edition of Theoretical Issues in Psychology provides an authoritative overview of the conceptual issues in psychology which introduces the underlying philosophies that underpin them. It includes new insights across the philosophy of science combined with increased psychological coverage to show clearly how these two communities interrelate, ensuring an integrative understanding of the fundamental debates and how they link to your wider studies.
Chapter 3: Philosophy of Science (1): Logical Positivism and its Failure
Philosophy of Science (1): Logical Positivism and its Failure
PREVIEW This chapter introduces the ‘received view’ in the philosophy of science, Logical Positivism, and its classic and highly influential ideas on objectivity, the nature of theory and observation, verification and progress in science. Positivists aimed at a criterion for distinguishing science from pseudo-science. This ideal proved unworkable, and with Kuhn's paradigm concept the positivist story ends in post-positivist relativism.
Introduction: Scientific Methods, Objectivity and Rationality
In the previous chapters, some of the characteristics and basic concepts of science were sketched. We now turn to a more principled reflection on the scientific enterprise: philosophy [Page 70]of science. The philosophy of science has for a long time been characterized ...