The 3rd edition of Theoretical Issues in Psychology provides an authoritative overview of the conceptual issues in psychology which introduces the underlying philosophies that underpin them. It includes new insights across the philosophy of science combined with increased psychological coverage to show clearly how these two communities interrelate, ensuring an integrative understanding of the fundamental debates and how they link to your wider studies.
Chapter 2: Kinds of Explanations: Laws, Interpretations and Functions
Kinds of Explanations: Laws, Interpretations and Functions
PREVIEW In this chapter, we begin by discussing three different types of explanations that occur in psychology, and then try to show that each of these has its own domain and uses. None is (or should be) privileged a priori. Following on from this, we discuss reduction, in particular the reduction of psychological processes to neuroscientific ones. Our conclusion is that all-out reduction, the replacement of psychology by neuroscience, is not a plausible option. Thus, we defend a kind of pluralism of explanations.
Introduction: Modes of Explanation: Nomological, Hermeneutical, Functional
The ideas about explanation discussed in the previous chapter can be called classical: they aim to describe as adequately as possible the ...