The 3rd edition of Theoretical Issues in Psychology provides an authoritative overview of the conceptual issues in psychology which introduces the underlying philosophies that underpin them. It includes new insights across the philosophy of science combined with increased psychological coverage to show clearly how these two communities interrelate, ensuring an integrative understanding of the fundamental debates and how they link to your wider studies.
Chapter 1: Science: Why, and How?: Some Basic Ideas in Scientific Method
Science: Why, and How?: Some Basic Ideas in Scientific Method
PREVIEW In the first two chapters we will present some central concepts in the philosophy of science. We will discuss what knowledge is, and how knowledge claims might be justified. Almost every concept in the field has been the subject of intense debate, and while we cannot introduce these without some philosophical discussion, we will try here to present the consensus with respect to fundamental concepts in the theory of science. Chapter 3 deals with different and sometimes conflicting philosophical views and ideals of science.
After a first primer on the nature of science (1.1), the second section (1.2) introduces two extreme views on the ...