The Tourist Gaze, Third Edition restructures, reworks and remakes the groundbreaking previous versions making this successful book even more relevant for tourism students, researchers and designers in the new century. The tourist gaze remains an agenda setting theory, incorporating new principles and research. Packed full of fascinating insights this new edition is fresh and contemporary, intelligently broadening its theoretical and geographical scope and providing a nuanced account which responds to various critiques.The book has been significantly revised to include up-to-date empirical data, many new case studies and fresh concepts. Three new chapters have been added which explore photography and digitization, embodied performances, risks, and alternative futures.Innovative and informative, this book is essential reading for all involved in contemporary tourism, leisure, cultural policy, design, economic regeneration, heritage and the arts.
Chapter 9: Risks and Futures
Risks and Futures
In this chapter we examine some contemporary and future developments within tourism. Especially significant are the interconnections between tourism and risk. When the first edition of this book appeared in 1990 there was little examination of risk except to consider the expert systems that Thomas Cook developed from the 1840s onwards. These were designed to offset some of the obvious risks of travel for each individual. However, since around 1990 there have been many new analyses of ‘risk’, mostly provoked by Beck's The Risk Society (2002, first published in English in 1992). In this book, Beck is concerned not with ‘natural’ disasters but with the ‘person-made’ risks of industrial society. The nuclear radiation blown across much of Europe that followed ...