The Tourist Gaze, Third Edition restructures, reworks and remakes the groundbreaking previous versions making this successful book even more relevant for tourism students, researchers and designers in the new century. The tourist gaze remains an agenda setting theory, incorporating new principles and research. Packed full of fascinating insights this new edition is fresh and contemporary, intelligently broadening its theoretical and geographical scope and providing a nuanced account which responds to various critiques.The book has been significantly revised to include up-to-date empirical data, many new case studies and fresh concepts. Three new chapters have been added which explore photography and digitization, embodied performances, risks, and alternative futures.Innovative and informative, this book is essential reading for all involved in contemporary tourism, leisure, cultural policy, design, economic regeneration, heritage and the arts.
Chapter 2: Mass Tourism
The first example of mass tourism occurred among the industrial working class in Britain. The mass tourist gaze was initiated in the backstreets of the industrial towns and cities in the north of England. This chapter is devoted to examining why this industrial working class came to think that going away for short periods to other places was an appropriate form of social activity. Why did the tourist gaze develop among this industrial working class in the north of England? What revolution in experience, thinking and perception led to such novel and momentous modes of social practice?
The growth of such tourism represents a kind of ‘democratisation’ of travel. We have seen that travel had been enormously socially selective. It had been available ...