Providing a well-rounded presentation of the constitution and evolution of civil rights in the United States, this book will be useful for students and academics with an interest in civil rights, race and the law. Abraham L Davis and Barbara Luck Graham's purpose is: to give an overview of the Supreme Court and its rulings with regard to issues of equality and civil rights; to bring law, political science and history into the discussion of civil rights and the Supreme Court; to incorporate the politically disadvantaged and the human component into the discussion; to stimulate discussion among students; and to provide a text that cultivates competence in reading actual Supreme Court cases.
Chapter 1: From Marshall to Fuller: The Era of White Supremacy and Second-Class Citizenship, 1801–1910
From Marshall to Fuller: The Era of White Supremacy and Second-Class Citizenship, 1801–1910
The years of slavery did more than retard the progress of blacks. Even a greater wrong was done to the whites by creating arrogance instead of humility and by encouraging the growth of the fiction of a superior race.
The Constitution and Slavery
In the United States, slavery was part of the American ethos by the middle of the 18th century, and slaves constituted approximately 40% of the Southern colonial population. A. Leon Higginbotham's analysis of legislative and judicial pronouncements during the colonial era demonstrates how the law contributed to the legal subjugation and dehumanization of blacks.1 The tension ...